13 Types of Cybercrime, Stay Away from Them!

There are many types of cybercrime on the internet. Each type certainly has a different method and impact on the victim. But in general, cybercrime is a very detrimental action.

In short, cybercrime is a crime on the internet that takes advantage of the use of software or computers so that it can cause harm to the victim. Anyone can become a target of cybercrime if they are not careful and vigilant.

Cybercrime can be done using many methods. Starting from phishing emails, carding, and so on. Therefore, it is important for readers to know the types of cybercrime and how to avoid them.

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13 Types of Cybercrime on the Internet

types of cybercrime

In general, the number of victims of cybercrime tends to increase from year to year. Therefore, to protect yourself from various cyber attacks, you need to know what types of cybercrime are circulating in society today.

There are various types of cybercrime that you need to know about, including the following:

Types of Cybercrime: Phishing

One of the most common cybercrimes experienced by internet users and network computers is Phishing. In short, Phishing is an example of cybercrime that aims to steal personal information and data from emails, telephones, text messages or fake links claiming to be agencies or certain parties.

The way phishing works is to trick the target with a trick that looks normal even though they are not aware that their personal data is being stolen. For example, by sending a fake banking link whose appearance and URL address are similar to the original website.

Phishing perpetrators target sensitive data of victims, such as passwords, credit card information, email addresses, and one-time passwords (OTP). The stolen data is used for crimes such as theft, misuse of personal identity, to extortion of money.


Cracking is an attempt to enter a computer system by force by hacking a software or computer security system for illegal purposes that leads to criminalism. Perpetrators of cracking perform their actions to steal, view, manipulate data to plant malware.

There are various types of cracking that often occur. For example, password cracking, software cracking, and network cracking, and so on. Actually this cracking crime can be prevented and avoided.

Some of the ways that can be used include creating unique password combinations, using a VPN, visiting sites that already use HTTPS, and avoiding clicking links or advertisements on the internet.


phising cybercrime

The next types of cybercrime is Spoofing. In short, spoofing is the disguise of information as if it were acting as an authority, such as from a bank or government for the purpose of cybercrime.

At first glance, spoofing is similar to phishing trying to steal victim’s data. But spoofing not only steals data, but in some cases also sends malicious malware to the victim’s device or website.

There are various types of spoofing, ranging from identity spoofing, IP spoofing, DNS spoofing, to website spoofing. To avoid this, you can use steps such as installing an antivirus, Firewall, and also performing regular security scans.

DDoS Attack

Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) is an example of cyber crime by making server traffic run so heavy that it cannot accommodate connections from other users/overloads. This popular attack carried out by hackers is made by sending requests to the server continuously with large data transactions.

DDoS attack techniques are usually carried out in many ways, such as viruses and bot collections embedded in malware called botnets. To avoid this DDoS attack, you can install DDoS Protection on your website or website.

Ransomware Attack

Ransomware is a type of malware that targets hardware to retrieve valuable information from its target and then encrypts and locks the files. Generally, if the victim wants to open or re-access the data, the perpetrator will demand a ransom from the victim.

Read: 12 Types of Computer Viruses You Need to Get Rid of Right Now

If the victim does not grant the request, the perpetrator does not hesitate to threaten to make the data unusable. The ultimate goal of a ransomware attack is to blackmail victims into paying a certain amount of money to be able to access encrypted files.

Cybercrime Type: Carding

carding cybercrime

The types of cybercrime that is also very dangerous is Carding. You need to know, Carding is a crime to steal credit card information data belonging to others. The data is then used by the perpetrators to make transactions or withdraw the card limit balance to their account.

In general, there are two methods that can be used to do carding, namely Card Present and Card not Present.

Card Present is a method of data theft process carried out using an EDC machine card skimmer at the cashier/commercial place. While Card not Present is data theft using internet access, usually using phishing emails or hacking to get data on credit card owners.

SQL injection

Cybercrimes can also occur in the database part of a web or application using SQL injection techniques. In short, SQL Injection is a code injection attack technique by exploiting security holes that occur in the database layer of an application. This example of cybercrime is the number one threat to web application security.

Read: What is Trojan and How to Keep Your Computer Save!

SQL attacks can also occur if the backend does not properly set the Web Application Firewall (WAF) or Intrusion Prevention System (IPS) in the network architecture, so that the database can be accessed directly from the vulnerabilities found.

Cyber ​​Terrorism

This term may still be relatively new in cybercrime. However, types of cybercrime are also a very harmful thing. Cyber ​​terrorism is a type of cybercrime that harms the state, even threatens the safety of citizens and stakeholders who regulate the course of government.

Cyber ​​terrorism activity refers to attacks on computers, networks, and information systems with the aim of intimidating, suppressing the government, or for certain political interests. Cyber ​​terrorism generally has a very wide spread.

Identity Forgery

Identity forgery is one types of cybercrime that must be watched out for. The perpetrators use false identities illegally to carry out criminal purposes. Therefore, make sure you maintain the privacy of your personal data properly and do not spread it carelessly.

There are many ways that can be used to protect personal data. Starting from not uploading personal data on social media, being careful when filling out forms on the website, and so on. A stolen identity can be used by perpetrators for many things.

Cyber ​​Espionage

types of cybercrime espionage

Cybercrime is not only aimed at stealing data or causing damage to a user’s device. But it can also be used to spy on victims and monitor every activity they do.

Cyber ​​espionage is a cyber crime that uses the internet by entering a computer network system to spy on certain targets. These crimes are usually directed against competitors, political opponents, or state officials whose important documents and data are stored in a computerized system.

Data Forgery

The next dangerous types of cybercrime is Data Forgery. Data forgery is the act of falsifying important document data stored as scriptless documents via the internet. These documents are usually owned by institutions or institutions that have web-based database sites.

To avoid data falsification, make sure you are careful and careful when reading or filling out documents on the internet. We recommend that you only fill in data on official sites that are already credible and reliable for the level of computer network security.

OTP Code Scam

OTP or One Time-Password is a temporary code as a one-time password to perform the verification process in the smartphone application. Currently, cybercriminals are also starting to target OTP fraud on victims.

OTP fraud is used for various crimes such as endangering accounts and conducting unauthorized financial transactions. The goal is to verify such as logging into an account or other transaction approvals.

In order to avoid OTP fraud, never share the OTP code with anyone, whether known or unknown. In addition, enable the two factor authentication feature and always beware of unclear links.

Website and Email Hacking

email and website hacking cybercrime

A very popular types of cybercrime is hacking, be it hacking websites or e-mails of victims and changing their appearance. The number of these hacks tends to increase from year to year so that it becomes a very serious threat.

One of the signs that you can see when a website is hacked is that its appearance suddenly changes. For example, unusual web pages, unclear ads appear, and even site data can be stolen without realizing it.

Several ways that can be used to avoid hacking include using unique passwords, backing up data, using antivirus, and so on.


Cybercrime is an act that is dangerous and also very detrimental to the victims. In short, cybercrime is a crime on the internet that utilizes the use of computers and software to trick victims.

There are many types of crimes that can occur on the internet. Starting from phishing, spoofing, hacking, and so on. Therefore, it is important to always be careful and maintain data privacy when accessing the internet.

That’s a complete article about 13 types of cybercrime that computer users should avoid. After knowing these types, hopefully you will be more alert and can avoid the threat of harmful internet crimes.

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