Recently, artificial intelligence has become a very popular technology. In general, there are 7 types of artificial intelligence that are widely used by users. This type of artificial intelligence arises because of the development of digital technology to support various daily activities.
In short, artificial intelligence is a form of artificial intelligence that has been specially designed to do a certain number of jobs. The machine will be able to “think” like a human and carry out the tasks assigned to it.
Currently, artificial intelligence has a wider scope of work. This artificial intelligence technology is not only used in digital technology. But it can also be used on automation-based hardware.
7 Types of Artificial Intelligence You Should Know
Artificial intelligence continues to experience development from time to time. This technology will continue to get updates and developments. One of the goals is to get maximum and perfect use of technology.
For information, here are the 7 Types of Artificial Intelligence that you need to know:
1. Types of Artificial Intelligence: Narrow Intelligence
Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI) is also known as narrow AI or weak AI. Artificial Narrow Intelligence is an artificial intelligence technology designed to carry out very specific actions or commands.
Narrow Intelligence is usually designed to perform tasks superiorly in only one ability. This type of AI also cannot learn new things beyond the initial design that has been designed.
One of these types of artificial intelligence technologies is the SIRI virtual assistant on iOS devices. AI technology in the form of a virtual assistant is designed and designed only to be able to carry out activities according to pre-programmed commands.
2. Artificial General Intelligence
The next Types of Artificial Intelligence that you need to know is Artificial General Intelligence (AGI). As the name implies, this artificial intelligence technology is a more common technology when compared to Narrow AI.
Artificial General Intelligence is an artificial intelligence technology that has the ability to be able to ‘think’ like humans. This type of artificial intelligence is capable of learning new things according to the material or data source given to it.
In general, this AGI-based technology is capable of completing work independently even without human assistance. So it can be said that AGI is a more advanced technology and also superior when compared to Narrow AI.
The main goal of developing Artificial General Intelligence is to create machines that have the ability to think like humans. One example of this AGI technology is ChatGPT which has recently been very popular in various circles.
3. Artificial Super Intelligence
Types of Artificial Intelligence that you need to know next is Artificial Super Intelligence. As the name implies, this technology is the most up-to-date technology when compared to the two types of AI that have been discussed previously.
Artificial Super Intelligence is an advanced level of development of Artificial General Intelligence technology. As a form of improvement, of course this artificial intelligence will have better performance and capabilities when compared to the previous generation.
This type of AI can even learn quickly so that the knowledge and abilities it has can surpass humans. The existence of this type of technology is expected to help humans in solving problems and also facilitate human work.
Functionality-Based Types of Artificial Intelligence
The next Types of Artificial Intelligence are based on the functionality possessed by the technology. Functionality concerns how an AI applies its learning capabilities to process data, respond to stimuli, and then interact with its environment.
Based on this functionality, AI can be sorted by four functionality types:
4. Reactive Machines
As you know, the genesis of Artificial Intelligence began with the development of Reactive Machines. This is the most fundamental type of AI. The machine is able to respond or even identify situations in various conditions automatically.
In practice, Reactive Machines can read and respond to external stimuli in real time. This makes Reactive Machines usefull for performing basic autonomous functions such as filtering spam from your inbox or recommending movies based on your most recent Netflix searches.
One example of the use of Reactive Machines is when the IBM supercomputer was able to make real-time responses to a game of chess and beat Russian Grand Master Garry Kasparov in 1997.
5. Limited memory
The next Types of Artificial Intelligence developing is Limited Memory. The next step of AI’s evolution is developing a capacity for storing knowledge. This type of Artificial Intelligence has capability to learn from the prepared data.
Limited Memory is composed of machine learning models that the device derives knowledge from previously learned information, stored data, or events. Unlike reactive machines, limited memory learns from the past by observing actions or data fed to them to create experiential knowledge.
Limited memory AI can be applied in a broad range of scenarios, from smaller scale applications, such as chatbots, to self-driving cars and other advanced use cases. Those future decisions are short term using data that is never stored permanently.
6. Theory of Mind
Types of Artificial Intelligence you should know next is Theory of Mind. As you can say, Theory of Mind is the next generation of Limited Memory. Limited memory machines can learn from past experiences and store knowledge, but they can’t pick up on subtle environmental changes, emotional cues or reach the same level of human intelligence.
In this sort of AI decision-making ability is adequate to the extent of the human mind, but by machines. With this type, the machine has emotional intelligence to remember a person’s emotions and behavior by collecting data when interacting with humans. This type is also capable of having the ability to make the right decisions like a humans.
Theory of Mind could bring plenty of positive changes to the tech world. But it also poses its own risks that may cause some troubles in the future. Because the emotional cues are so nuanced, it would take a long time for the AI machines to read them perfectly.
7. Types of Artificial Intelligence: Self-Aware
The next Types of Artificial Intelligence you have to know is Self-Aware. Self-aware is one type of artificial intelligence which is the highest level because in the system there is a high awareness ability regarding something.
Machines that are self-aware are highly capable of understanding their surroundings and gathering data which they use to make inferences about how other people are feeling. Until now, there have been no findings that are capable of creating machines or intelligence with self-awareness or self-aware capabilities.
As technology develops, there are many types of artificial intelligence that have been launched. The presence of a number of artificial intelligence technologies is certainly expected to be a means to further facilitate human life.
Even though artificial intelligence is very complicated and complex, it is not an impossible field to develop. Various studies and studies have been carried out to develop artificial intelligence capabilities according to human needs.
Those are some Types of Artificial Intelligence that you need to know. Now with this discussion, you don’t need to be confused anymore if you are looking for references about types of artificial intelligence (AI) based technologies.